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Wednesday, 13 March 2024 22:20

On the Aw-Rascle-Zhang traffic models with nonlocal look-ahead interactions

 

Thomas Hamori and Changhui Tan


Abstract

We present a new family of second-order traffic flow models, extending the Aw-Rascle-Zhang (ARZ) model to incorporate nonlocal interactions. Our model includes a specific nonlocal Arrhenius-type look-ahead slowdown factor. We establish both local and global well-posedness theories for these nonlocal ARZ models.
In contrast to the local ARZ model, where generic smooth initial data typically lead to finite-time shock formation, we show that our nonlocal ARZ model exhibits global regularity for a class of smooth subcritical initial data. Our result highlights the potential of nonlocal interactions to mitigate shock formations in second-order traffic flow models.
Our analytical approach relies on investigating phase plane dynamics. We introduce a novel comparison principle based on a mediant inequality to effectively handle the nonlocal information inherent in our model.


 This work is supported by NSF grants DMS #2108264 and DMS #2238219

arXiv Preprint 2403.08643.

Read 250 times Last modified on Wednesday, 13 March 2024 22:23